With the death of someone close to relatives appears to be a lot of issues and business – as rapidly to bury, what documents are needed, how to act in order not to violate the Orthodox tradition. In order to properly bury the deceased, pay attention to the key issues of a funeral procession.
As the funeral of the Orthodox
The Orthodox funeral is not considered the end of human existence. Came to an end only his earthly stage, but the soul will live forever. That is why the funeral is not customary to weep and wail, you better say goodbye to the deceased with dignity, remembering his good traits, acts on the ground that he left behind.
Invited to attend the funeral of close relatives, friends, colleagues at work. Usually visited by neighbors and all those who, upon learning of the tragedy, wanted to say goodbye to the deceased. It is not necessary to prevent them from coming, but if someone from the dead was not a very good relationship, specially to invite someone not worth it. A funeral is no place for scandals and troubles.
Orthodox Christians in most cases, prefer a burial, this burial has become the traditional. But sometimes relatives or the deceased himself during his lifetime has chosen cremation. This does not mean that you can not bury the dead, all happening in the rite.
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Organization of Orthodox funerals:
Preparations for the burial of the body
Before burial, no matter whether it is burial or cremation, the body of the deceased is necessary to properly prepare for burial. To do this, perform a series of ritual acts.
The body of the deceased is washed in order to stand clean before God in his future resurrection. This process is referred to in the Bible in the most ancient records. The house and bathe on a wide bench or bed. The face of the deceased should hang the icon. Freeing the body from the clothing, tied up his chin. Because of the upcoming rigor Mortis will make it difficult if to wait a couple of hours – then the jaw is almost closed.
Rite wash the body of believers, i.e. Christians. In the process of ablution observed gender: a man is washed by men, woman – women. It is enough to wash the body without soap, plain warm water from a convenient vessel that can be broken. When washing, use a cloth or sponge. Start with the head and down to the waist, back wash, turning on your right side.
After washing, the body shift to a clean, dry sheets and clothes in which a man died, burned. Water from the body of carefully collected and poured, and the vessel break. Washing, people should wash and change. You can then proceed to dress up.
The clothing of the deceased
Today it has become a tradition to bury the women in the clothes of bright colors and men in suits and a white shirt. Previously buried exclusively in white, but today the Church has no clear restrictions on this issue. For burial you need to choose the best and beautiful clothes. To use someone else's clothes or clothes of relatives prohibited. She must be pure – a symbol of purity of the soul appears before God. Feet wearing Slippers, and the head of women is covered with a handkerchief. For the deceased, not having entered into a marriage that died at a young age, encouraged to use their wedding dresses. Girls wearing a wedding dress, and guys – suit.
The situation in the coffin
After dressing the corpse lay face-to icons on a bench or bed, having spread something soft. You need to turn off the TV, radio and other equipment. Mirrors and all door cover matter. Also, close or cover paintings, photographs, and if possible – remove them.
Before the situation in the coffin, you can not prepare in advance, because now sell coffins ready – they have soft material, upholstered inside and comes with a pillow and blanket. The coffin of the deceased is an imitation of the bed, so you need to put the deceased on his back, hands folded on his chest. The baptized are buried with a cross, in the tomb of the Orthodox definitely put a prayer on the forehead and in the right hand candle. On top of the body of the deceased is served in a white blanket.
Farewell to the deceased
The procedure of farewell overgrown with myths with interweaving folk Church rules and sometimes difficult to figure out how to properly say goodbye to the deceased. You can highlight points which do not manage the modern funeral:
- demonstration of the portrait of the deceased and awards, if any;
- farewell speech;;
- funeral music, singing funeral songs;
- expression of sympathy through the media.
Typically, the parting takes place at home among family. It is desirable to carry out the procedure from 12 to 14 hours. The coffin is put in the room facing the door. Cover put the narrow part on the floor, you can stand outside the apartment or home. At home you can leave the bread and water – it is believed that the soul is still some time left home about her need to take care of.
The removal of the body and funeral procession
Near the tomb are collected only the closest. After the funeral of the deceased stand up and put a coffin near the entrance for 10-15 minutes, said goodbye to neighbors, colleagues. Portrait bandaged in the lower right corner of the black ribbon, put on the head or held in hands, the awards put on the pillow and put at the feet. Wreaths can be put at the entrance to the staircase.
If the body is already prepared from the morgue for burial, then the decision of the relatives of the farewell can be held in a special room of the morgue, and then to transport the deceased to the Church for the funeral service. Also do and after a farewell at the entrance or home. If for some reasons the Church can't come to the burial, the priest may near the house or in the morgue – this service is in the Church, and it is possible to agree in advance.
What do you need for funeral of Orthodox women
At the funeral of Orthodox women need to respect the traditions, to do everything in accordance with the requirements of the Church. Below is a list of what is required for burial:
- the mother of God icon, which is placed on the chest;
- pectoral cross;
- prayer on the forehead, the candle in your right hand;
- for unmarried women wedding clothes;
- scarf to cover head light color;
- Slippers or shoes are white.
What you need for a funeral Orthodox men
Funeral Orthodox men also require observance of the rules. For men you need to prepare:
- t-shirt and light shirt;
- a dark suit;
- the cross and the prayer on the forehead;
- white Slippers;
Orthodox funeral. Rules and traditions
Orthodox funerals have a number of traditions that believers must follow in order to get things right. Traditionally, the deceased is washed and clothed in light clothes, and a cross and an icon are placed, and a shroud is torn from above. The funeral service is held in the church, where the closest relatives and friends gather. Everyone is holding candles in their hands in memory of the deceased. Candles are also placed at the deceased in the form of a cross - in the head, in the legs and on the sides at the level of the arms folded on the chest.
The removal of the body definitely feet first. Carry the coffin close friends, but not blood relatives. In recent times this tradition is not followed strictly, because the Church interprets the making of the coffin as one of the elements of farewell, and to say goodbye to the dead can, and relatives especially.
During the burial of the deceased laid face to the East, and put a cross in the legs. In front of the boarded-up cover on the shroud put a handful of the consecrated ground. Also according to tradition relatives after placing the coffin in the pit and throw a few handfuls on the coffin, and then bury.
The days of the funeral from the Orthodox
The days of strict burial is not regulated, but there are exceptions, which must be followed. It is not necessary for the tradition to bury a man in his birthday – it is a common rule, but the Church in this matter is not categorical. There is also no prohibition for the funeral on Sunday. For a long time it was considered a superstition by the Church's rule, as connected with the seventh day even God rested. And this means that holding a funeral is prohibited. However, the Church does not limit the funeral on Sunday. Certainly not in the Orthodox tradition to bury on:
What day of the funeral of the Orthodox
According to Orthodox tradition, are buried on the third day after death. It is believed, these days the soul of the deceased is still at home and saying goodbye to earthly life. In rural areas this custom is still observed and within three days the door, where a man died opened. With it you can say goodbye friends, relatives, colleagues and acquaintances.
Today to observe this tradition is hard, especially in large cities. If circumstances compel, then to bury the man much later. This may be due to the necessity of the autopsy, obtaining permission from the investigating authorities, etc. In the hot season, when there is no possibility to send the body to the morgue, trying to bury the deceased quickly. All depends on the efficiency of the work of the funeral company, because their own relatives are hard to gather all documents and organize this time-consuming process.
Superstitions and omens associated with the funeral
There are several superstitions that remain strong to this day. They even have "logical" explanations, but they do not contain sufficient reasoning. So do not succumb to superstitions or omens, and to do so, according to Orthodox tradition. Among the most common superstitions include:
- hanging loop mirror;
- stop the clock for 40 days;
- water and bread for the deceased;
- pictures and candles on the table;
- the situation with the deceased of his belongings;
- the prohibition to use knives, salt shaker.
One of the popular superstition there is a ban on the burial of the rings and other round things. It is believed that the soul of the deceased could not get out of this circle and will continue to suffer.
Customs of Orthodox after the funeral
After the funeral, it is customary to have a memorial. This should be done immediately after the funeral, on the ninth and fortieth day. According to Orthodox tradition at the funeral should be kutya with honey and raisins and pancakes. Kuti served after all other dishes, including the first. Remember not only relatives, but all are invited who helped to dig a hole or participated in other ways in the burial. The track definitely gives pies. The more people you bring, the better will be the soul of the deceased.
During the meal do not consume alcohol. The deceased only remember the good words, in the process the entire meal, adhere to calm and quiet behavior, mourning etiquette.
When to put a monument after the funeral
The basic rule for setting of the monument – hard ground. After digging the grave, even covered earth will be loose. Its shrinkage that occurs approximately a year after the collapse of the coffin and the voids are filled with earth. If the installation falls on winter, it is better to move it to a warmer time of year after a winter of snow, even the most expertly a monument can "float" and it will have to be redone. Dry spring or summer is the best time to put a monument. Usually, relatives are defined with a photo for the monument, choose a sketch, words of the epitaph. To deal with these concerns is easier than immediately after the tragedy.
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