Muslims – a large community living in our country. He is deeply revered traditions and beliefs of their people, preserve the national identity. Funerals – the unshakable tenets of Islam, the history of which stretches back centuries. When organizing the funeral procession, the Muslims strictly adhere to the rules of burial in Islam different from Christian. To properly prepare the funeral according to the Muslim rite, it is necessary to respect the religious Canon.
Funerals according to Muslim customs and traditions
Like Christianity, Islam has some similar customs. One of them is immutable, and is performed even at the bedside of the dying, when the person is still alive. According to custom, he should read the prayer, glorifying Allah. It is called the Kalima and Shahada. If the person is too weak and can not do, a prayer to whisper to relatives and friends. According to Islamic tradition it is believed that if in the last minutes of his life a Muslim remember Allah and glorify him, God will be merciful to him.
Another strong tradition of support for the dying. If the person is on the verge of death, come to him relatives and friends, to Express their tribute. He should not be alone. Also, Muslims have honored the tradition of the glass of water – that families are supposed to show care and to submit a dying man in need of water.
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Organization of Muslim funeral:
Preparations for the burial of the body: the main stages
Muslims are strictly honored memorial traditions. However, in recent years, some of them have changed, become less strict. Remain unchanged the ceremonies of washing and burial, observance of mourning.
Relatives of a deceased person immediately after death placed face down in the direction of Mecca. Take care of the body immediately after death – to stretch the joints to give the desired position and put the belly of the cargo in order to avoid swelling. Be sure to tie the lower jaw and eyelids. In parallel with this, a prayer to Allah, in which he asked to forgive the sins of the deceased.
The deceased person need to be washed. In Islam a special relationship to the purity of the body, it is carefully observed during life and after death. If a person doesn't wash, it is believed that his body was not desecrated, and the soul is not ready for meeting Allah. The process of washing of the body called Tahara, but the ablution for ritual purposes is called Huzul.
Responsible for this process is Hassel – the person conducting the ceremony. He also choose assistants. This Assalam becomes an older person, a relative of the deceased. Women wash women and men men, but allowed the wife washing the body of her husband. The body of the deceased is washed in a special room, where candles of incense. Change the water three times and bathe with water from cedar powder, then camphor, and finally wash the body with clean water. The head and beard clean with soap and water.
Wrapping in a shroud
Both men and women Muslims are buried barefoot, on top of a body wearing the qamees is a simple shirt. After that, wrap in a shroud. It is a broad and large piece of cloth that you want to wrap the body of the deceased from head to toe. For women separately enveloped the body to the bottom, then another cut to the chest and use the third piece of fabric for the hair and scalp. Deaths of newborns or young children, wrap one piece of fabric.
What you need for a Muslim funeral ritual supplies
Funeral facilities for the Muslim funeral is a bit different from traditional Christian. First you need to prepare:
- ritual clothing.
The Muslim funeral of a woman
To a funeral women need to buy:
- Kamis – shirt has a special design that opens the shoulders, without collar;
- the Isora – cut for wrapping the lower part of the body;
- Lifafa – uniform cloth, as for men;
- Hemor – handkerchief to cover the head;
- kirk – fabric for upper body.
Muslim funeral men
For the funeral of a male Muslim will need:
- Lifafa – fabric for full of the shroud;
- isoir – fabric for wrapping the lower part of the body;
- Kamis – long shirt.
As a ritual of fabrics used, or simple, or expensive fabrics depending on the status of the deceased, but the men never to use silk, even if the deceased was very rich.
How are the Wake
As such, the Wake immediately after the funeral, the Muslims are not provided. In the house of the deceased in mourning for three days not to cook. It is possible to feed the relatives who came from afar. To arrange lunch in the home of neighbors or relatives, if the building is on another street.
A memorial meal in the house of the deceased laid hold on the third, seventh and fortieth day after death. According to custom, dishes are simple and for a narrow circle of close relatives. Islam prohibits to do a big funeral – is that guests are forced loved ones to spend money instead to help them morally and financially.
Funeral in Islam are the farewell to the dead, a remembrance of its good deeds, good qualities of character. So during the meal to pray for the soul of the deceased and support the family. Alcoholic drink is prohibited, it is disrespectful to the soul of the deceased and Allah.
The Wake usually come all those who participate in the funeral procession. Relatives by custom to provide the family of the deceased all possible assistance. Usually bring a butchered lamb carcass, the meat is distributed as alms. Allowed to bring a bird, money, sweet. On the memorial table put:
- beef broth with greens and onions;
- pilaf with raisins and rice, seasoned with butter and with sugar;
- chicken with gravy;
- homemade noodles with sour cream or sour milk;
- halva, cakes, sweets.
The children definitely give sweet treats, bags with sweet on the road. Usually the funeral do not only forty days, but the testimony of Muslims in recent times and arrange them for a year. The funeral was small, mostly for a narrow circle of relatives.
The rules of Muslim funeral
According to the rules of Muslim funeral, burial is carried out exclusively at cemeteries. In large cities, where many Muslims, in large cemeteries, specially the Muslim quarters. Exclusively Muslim cemeteries in cities with an overwhelming number of people of this religion. Now funerals are a little simplified, so bury the Muslims and the usual urban cemeteries, but in compliance with traditions. Here are a few rules that Muslims follow when conducting a funeral:
- Cremation of the body. In Islam according to the rules it is forbidden to cremate the body. This is one of the biggest sins that you can commit. According to legend, the prophet Muhammad strictly forbade no disrespect dead bodies. Burning is considered to be a departure from the faith, akin to the pagan customs. Besides, cremation is considered to be something along with hell fire, shadayim body of the believer. Even if family members from the financial consideration prefer cremation, for Muslims it is considered a great sin. If the deceased leave wasiat (death wish, the Covenant), he also commits a sin.
- The time of the funeral. Muslims are very jealous of the purity of the body. They carefully observe her during life and after death try to bury him as quickly as possible to begin the process of decomposition of a corpse. Therefore, Muslims have not respected the tradition of the funeral on the third day, as Christians. Quite normal is the burial the day of death. A quick burial are also considered a tribute as the native care for the body of the deceased. Usually the tradition is observed weakly – bury Muslims on the second day, as not all family members have time to come to say goodbye, and in some cases the burial postponed for 2-3 days, but this is an exception.
- Part in a funeral procession. Women in the funeral participate is limited. They are allowed only to conduct the deceased to the cemetery, where they remain at the gate and not inside it. To visit the grave on the day of harvest. Men participating in the procession, carry a stretcher with the body and not put him on the ground. After this, close relatives put the body in a hole on the tarp. Boys are allowed to participate in the funeral procession from 12-13 years.
- The burial of the body. When lowering the deceased into the grave, it is important that the legs were pointing down. Over women according to Muslim custom is to keep the veil. Even after death no one else needs to see the female body. After the position of the body Imam throws a handful of earth and says the sur – excerpt from the Koran devoted to the burial and glorification of Allah. Then the burial place of water seven times and throw the earth. After that, the burial was over and came can leave. On a grave must remain one person who prays for the soul of the deceased.
- Burial without coffins. Old Muslim tradition involves the use of tobut. This is a special stretcher with a cover, which brings the body to the grave. It is believed that man created from earth, so after his death his body should also return to the ground. It is sort of guide of the world of the living and the world of the dead, so nothing should impede this process. And since the casket does not provide direct contact with the ground, it is prohibited to bury. Separately specified burial in a casket if the soil is not conducive to the implementation of the ritual, it can be crumbly or too wet. In this case, can be buried in a coffin, but inside put a few handfuls of good land. The case is also respectful burial in a coffin, if local laws and other methods.
- Read janaza. During the offering of the body to the grave and read the burial Janis is a very strong prayer, without which the funeral is considered incorrect, invalid.
- Burnt brick. One of the tricks of Muslims from looting the burial of animals – burnt brick. If the wild animals will smell the flesh they can dig up the grave and desecrate the body of the deceased. In this case, the Muslim comes to the aid of burnt brick. It is placed around the perimeter of the grave and from the top to strengthen the edge and to scare away the animals peculiar smell.
- The installation of the memorial sign. Like the Christians, the monument at the grave is not immediately put. Usually installed plaque, and a year later – a monument of natural stone. A distinctive feature of the Muslim ritual paraphernalia is its simplicity. The same applies to the monument. It is not customary to put a large and luxurious complexes, as do the Christians. To emphasize the status is considered bad manners. It is better to put a nice tombstone with no frills. Also Muslims do not paint portraits on the monuments. The stone is set the front side in the direction of Mecca, it is placed on the name of the deceased, dates of life. As decoration, you can put excerpts from the Koran.
- A manifestation of mourning. Mourning in Islam is strictly observed. In a sign of mourning in the house of the deceased does not prepare food for three days. Forbidden to cry loudly is disrespectful to the memory of the deceased and the will of Allah, who decided to pick a person. For forty days it is forbidden to listen to music. Men who participated in the funeral procession, do not shave for seven days in mourning for the dead, and close relatives do not have to do this for forty days as a manifestation of mourning. Women should wear dark clothes and a dark scarf covered her hair. Also in memory of the late bake cakes and distribute them to the poor or to children. So do forty days or longer, according to the wishes and possibilities of loved ones.
Muslim funeral customs of the Tatars
the Tatars respected the traditions of the Muslim funeral, but there are small features:
- came into the house handed out as a condolences piece of fabric – caadac;
- the deceased can not be put on soft;
- reflects the items in the house hang;
- night late need to sleep in the house;
- grave digging in the morning men and women in the night, sew a shroud with no knots on the thread using large stitches;
- bucket for washing can not be put on the floor, either holding or underlie the towel;
- when washing women over them holding the bed sheets to hide the body from prying eyes;
- clothing for the dead Tartars is called kefen – shirt and apron, and the women might even scarf;
- for men obligatory turban;
- the deceased carried feet first, and then the body turn the opposite, head first;
- after the burial, read Surah;
- women in burial do not participate, they read the Quran in the house;
- definitely grave of alms for the needy, who helped to bury;
- in the house be sure to MOP your floor, starting from the threshold, this should be done before the arrival of the men from the cemetery;
- those present heard sadaqat – thanks for the help in the burial.
Tatars try to keep funerals. In some places they are more modern and partially modified, but in remote villages – are very strict.
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